Classics and Good Architecture: Modern Housing in the Americas 1930-1960

Classics and Good Architecture: Modern Housing in the Americas 1930-1960

Much of the production of modern architecture on the American continent was based on the model of European architects who, with their works, projected the premises and fundamental ideas of modern life. These pillars of architecture were transferred and therefore adapted to the American territory, introducing, at the same time, their own characteristics according to the territorial, socio-cultural and economic context.

We understand that a good architecture is one that serves as a model for solving the problems inherent in the discipline of architecture in general. This is why some references that we consider today as “classics” are examples of good architectural practices that have been appropriated by other architects, taking the relevant and necessary elements to arrive at a result that conforms to the particular context.

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© Flavio Bragaia

At the same time, these works themselves become references for future generations. Considering the years that have passed since their construction, the architectural classics survive the passage of time without losing their relevance. In this way they become exemplary works of modern canon in America.

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© Ken Macown

We analyze housing as a fundamental program of the modern movement, both individual and collective. We are interested in the transition from the European debate to American production. In particular, the redefinition of the domestic sphere brings innovative solutions in terms of spatiality and material exploration. The use of light, the flexible floor plan, the stripping of ornamentation and the new relationship between intimacy and intimacy are just some of the formal operations that marked the production of the second half. of the XXth century. The period coincides with the time of greatest modern production on the American continent and extends from 1930 to 1960.

Modernist house from Rua Itápolis / Gregori Warchavchik

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Courtesy of Modern Brazil Architecture
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© Agustina Coulleri

Curutchet House / Le Corbusier

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via ARQ+HIS
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Low CC BY-SA 2.0 License. Image via Flickr User: Júlia Risi

House on the Creek / Amancio Williams

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© Javier Deyheralde
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© Fabian Dejtiar
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Bajo License CC BY 2.5 AR. Image via Ministerio del Interior, Obras Públicas y Vivienda

Das Canoas House / Oscar Niemeyer

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Designed by SkyscraperCity
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via Flickr User: Frank van Leersum

Farnsworth House / Mies van der Rohe

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©Greg Robbins
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Low CC BY-SA 4.0 license. Image © Paul R. Burley

O’Gorman House / Juan O’Gorman

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Courtyard of Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera
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© Juan Jose Kochen + Ximena Rios-Zertuche
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Courtyard of Museo Casa Estudio Diego Rivera

Glass house / Lina Bo Bardi

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via Casas Brasileiras WordPress
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via Flickr User: Maira Martines

Barragán House / Luis Barragán

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Courtyard of Casa Luis Barragan
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via Flickr User: LrBln

Los Eucaliptus building / Jorge Ferrari Hardoy + Juan Kurchan

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Courtyard of Moderna Buenos Aires
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Courtyard of Moderna Buenos Aires

Eduardo Guinle Park / Lucio Costa

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© Nelson Kon
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© Nelson Kon

Residential complex Prefeito Mendes de Moraes (Pedregulho) / Affonso Eduardo Reidy

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Court of EAD/PUCV
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Cortesia by Nabil Bonduki

This article is part of one of the ArchDaily topics: What is Good Architecture?, introduced by our first book: The ArchDaily Guide to Good Architecture. Each month we explore a theme in depth through articles, interviews, news and works. Learn more about our topics. And as always, ArchDaily appreciates the contributions of our readers. If you would like to submit an article or work, contact us.

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